Grade 9 Short Story Links and Study Guides

Study Guide for “The Cask of Amontillado”

http://www.literature.org/authors/poe-edgar-allan/amontillado.html

I. VOCABULARY: Be able to define the following words and understand them when they appear in the story.

catacombs_____________________________________________________________________

virtuoso_______________________________________________________________________

impunity______________________________________________________________________

fettered_______________________________________________________________________

connoisseur____________________________________________________________________

gait___________________________________________________________________________

precluded______________________________________________________________________

retribution_____________________________________________________________________

afflicted_______________________________________________________________________

explicit________________________________________________________________________

II. LITERARY TERMS:  Be able to define each term and apply each term to the story.

plot ________________________________________________________________________________

verbal irony _________________________________________________________________________

Example: _____________________________________________________________________

dramatic irony_______________________________________________________________________

Example:______________________________________________________________________

narrator _____________________________________________________________________________

author______________________________________________________________________________

protagonist_____________________________   Example: ____________________________________

mood_________________________________________________________________________

*describe the mood of the story:____________________________________________________

Point of View________________________________________________________________________

Theme_________________________________________________________________

*What is the theme of the story?_______________________________________________

III. QUESTIONS: Answer the following questions.

1.  What is the meaning of the phrase “A wrong is unredressed when retribution overtakes its redresser”?

2.  Why did Montresor seek revenge on Furtonato?

3.  How did Montresor know that the house would be empty?

4.  Where had the stone and morter, used by Montresor to wall up the entrance to the niche, been hidden?

5.  In your own words, describe the catacombs that Furtunato is led through.

6.  Where and when is the story set?  Give reasons for your answer.

7.  Why does Montresor make sure Fortunato has drunk a lot of wine?

8.  What is Luchresi’s role in the story?

9.  What preparations had Montressor made for his revenge?

10.  Why does Montresor appear concerned about Fortunato’s health?

11.  Describe Fortunato’s character.

Study Guide for “The Most Dangerous Game” http://www.dukeofdefinition.com/dangerous_game.pdf

 

I. VOCABULARY: Be able to define the following words and understand them when they

appear in the story and class discussions.

palpable_______________________________________________________________________

 

amenity_______________________________________________________________________

 

condone______________________________________________________________________

 

naïve_________________________________________________________________________

 

scruple________________________________________________________________________

 

futile_________________________________________________________________________

 

cosmopolite____________________________________________________________________

 

debacle_______________________________________________________________________

 

gargoyle_______________________________________________________________________

 

zealous________________________________________________________________________

 

affable________________________________________________________________________

 

tangible_______________________________________________________________________

quarry________________________________________________________________________

 

II. LITERARY TERMS:  Be able to define each term and apply each term to the story.

 

suspense____________________________________________________________________________

 

conflict_____________________________________________________________________________

 

*identify the conflicts in the story:

 

__________________ vs. ___________________   Explain: ________________________________

human                                                   nature

 

__________________ vs. ___________________   Explain:________________________________

human                                                   human

 

__________________ vs. ___________________   Explain: ________________________________

human                                                   himself/herself

 

Who is the protagonist in the story? ___________________________

 

antagonist ______________________________ Example: _________________________________

metaphor ___________________________________________________________________________

 

Examples:_____________________________________________________________________

 

simile ______________________________________________________________________________

 

Examples: _____________________________________________________________________

 

Describe the mood of the story:____________________________________________________

 

Who is the narrator?  From what point of view is the story told? ________________________________

 

What is the theme of the story?_______________________________________________

 

III. QUESTIONS: Answer the following questions.

 

1.  What is meant by “He lived a year in a minute”?

 

2.  What is meant by “I am still a beast at bay”?

 

3.  In which sea has Connell set Ship-Trap island?

 

4.  How is Zaroff able to finance his life style?

 

5.  If Rainsford wins the hunt, what does Zaroff promise him?

 

6.  What happened to Lazarus?

 

7.  Where does Rainsford spend the first night of his hunt?

 

8.  How many acres did Zaroff’s father have in the Crimea?

 

9.  Why does Zarroff suggest Rainsford wear moccasins?

 

10. What caused Rainsford to believe Zaroff knew he was hiding in the tree? Do you think he was right? Give    reasons.

 

11. How does Zaroff stock his island with “game”?

 

12. What happened to General Zaroff at the end of the story?

 

13. Inspite of being hurt, Zaroff congratulates Rainsford on his “Malay mancatcher,” why?

 

14. How do we know Rainsford is an exceptionally fit man?

 

Name_______________________

Study Guide for “The Necklace” http://www.dukeofdefinition.com/DIAMOND_NECKLACE.pdf http://www.fln.vcu.edu//grimm/cinderella.html

 

I. VOCABULARY: Be able to define the following words and understand them when they

appear in the story and in class discussion.

 

rueful_________________________________________________________________________

 

disheveled_____________________________________________________________________

 

aghast________________________________________________________________________

 

adulation______________________________________________________________________

 

pauper________________________________________________________________________

 

chic__________________________________________________________________________

 

dowry________________________________________________________________________

 

usurer_________________________________________________________________________

 

vexation_______________________________________________________________________

 

II. LITERARY TERMS: Be able to define each term and apply each term to the story.

 

setting _____________________________________________________________________________

 

protagonist __________________________________________________________________________

 

Who is the protagonist in the story? ___________________________

 

characterization______________________________________________________________________

 

direct characterization ___________________________________________________________

 

indirect characterization __________________________________________________________

 

diction _____________________________________________________________________________

mood ______________________________________________________________________________

 

Describe the mood of the story:____________________________________________________

 

Who is the narrator?  From what point of view is the story told? _______________________________

 

Theme______________________________________________________________________________

 

What is the theme of the story?_______________________________________________

III. QUESTIONS: Answer the following questions.

 

1.  Why did M. Loisel expect his wife to be pleased to receive the invitation from the Minister of Education?

 

2.  Describe Mme Loisel’s reaction on reading the invitation.

 

3.  Why had M. Loisel been saving 400 Francs?

 

4.  Compare and contrast the life of Mme. Loisel before and after the disappearance of the necklace.

 

5.  Why was Mme Loisel anxious to hurry away from the ball?

 

6.  What efforts were made to find Mme Forestier’s necklace?

 

7.  Describe in your own words how the Loisels’ life changed after they had paid for the new necklace.

 

8.  What was Mme Forestier reaction when seeing Mme Loisel before she figured out who she was?

 

9.  What was Mme Forestier’s reaction when the necklace was returned?

 

10. Do you think Mme Loisel recognized good quality jewelry?  Give reasons.

 

11. Why was Mathilde unhappy with her life at the opening of the story?

 

12. Do you think M. Loisel enjoyed the ball?  Give reasons to support your answer.

 

13. How did M. Loisel contribute to the cost of the new necklace?

 

 

IV. Characterization: describe the characters listed below.

 

  1. 1.      Madame Loisel:

Direct characterization:

 

 

Indirect characterization:

 

 

 

  1. 2.      Madame Forstier:

Direct characterization:

 

 

Indirect characterization:

 

 

  1. 3.      Monsieur Loisel:

Direct characterization:

 

 

Indirect characterization:

 

Name_______________________

Study Guide for “The Gift of the Magi” http://www.auburn.edu/~vestmon/Gift_of_the_Magi.html http://www.dukeofdefinition.com/sheeba_solomon_allusion.pdf http://www.dukeofdefinition.com/magi_allusion.pdf

 

I. VOCABULARY: Be able to define the following words and understand them when they

appear in the story or class discussion.

 

agile_________________________________________________________________________

 

assertion______________________________________________________________________

 

cascade_______________________________________________________________________

 

chronicle______________________________________________________________________

 

coveted_______________________________________________________________________

 

inconsequential_________________________________________________________________

 

instigate_______________________________________________________________________

predominating__________________________________________________________________

 

prudence______________________________________________________________________

 

vestibule______________________________________________________________________

 

II. LITERARY TERMS: Be able to define each term and apply each term to the story.

 

plot structure_________________________________________________________________________

 

Fill in the plot diagram:

 

 

 

setting _____________________________________________________________________________

 

What is the setting of the story?____________________________________________________

 

situational irony______________________________________________________________________

 

simile______________________________________________________________________________

 

example:______________________________________________________________________

 

metaphor____________________________________________________________________________

 

example:______________________________________________________________________

 

allusion_____________________________________________________________________________

 

example:______________________________________________________________________

 

theme______________________________________________________________________________

 

What is the theme of the story?_______________________________________________

 

III. QUESTIONS: Answer the following questions.

 

1.  How much money does Della have?

 

2.  What did Della want to do with the money?

 

3.  What is the last name of the family in the story?

 

4.  What has happened to Jim’s weekly salary?

 

5.  What are the two possessions that Jim and Della take a lot of pride in?

 

6.  What does Della do for extra money and how much does she get?

 

7.  How old is Jim?

 

8.  What does Jim give Della as a gift?

 

  • How is this ironic?

 

9.  How did Jim get the money to buy Della’s gift?

 

  • How is this ironic?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Name_______________________

Study Guide for “A Very Old Man with Enormous Wings” http://salvoblue.homestead.com/wings.html http://www.dukeofdefinition.com/very_old_man_bible_passages.pdf http://mockingbird.creighton.edu/NCW/marquez.htm

I. VOCABULARY: Be able to define the following words and understand them when they

appear in the story or class discussion.

 

conjecture_____________________________________________________________________

 

disperse_______________________________________________________________________

 

magnanimous__________________________________________________________________

 

proliferate_____________________________________________________________________

 

ungainly_______________________________________________________________________

 

impede________________________________________________________________________

 

ailment________________________________________________________________________

 

parasite_______________________________________________________________________

 

befuddled______________________________________________________________________

 

II. LITERARY TERMS: Be able to define each term and apply each term to the story.

 

foil_________________________________________________________________________________

 

example of foil from story:________________________________________________________

 

imagery_____________________________________________________________________________

 

point of view: list three types of narrators

 

  • _________________________________________________________

 

  • _________________________________________________________

 

  • _________________________________________________________

 

From what point of view is this story told?___________________________________________

 

simile_______________________________________________________________________________

 

example:______________________________________________________________________

 

metaphor____________________________________________________________________________

example:  _____________________________________________________________________

 

genre_______________________________________________________________________________

 

What genre is this story?__________________________________________________________

 

verbal irony__________________________________________________________________________

 

example:______________________________________________________________________

 

III. QUESTIONS: Answer the following questions.

 

1.  What did Pelayo think was causing the newborn child’s fever?

 

2.  “The world had been sad since Tuesday” is a figurative way of saying what in the story?

 

3.  Describe the old man that Pelayo finds in the mud?

 

4.  What do Elisenda and Pelayo decide that the old man is?

 

5.  What does the neighbor woman think he is?

 

6.  What did the neighbor woman think about angels?

 

 

7.  Because they believe the old man helped their child, what do they decide to with the old man to get rid of him?

 

8.  Why does Father Gonzaga speak to the man in Latin?

 

  • What does Father Gonzaga think after learning the man doesn’t speak Latin?

 

 

9.  What does Elisenda decide to do with the old man?

 

10.  Describe the ailments of two visitors?

 

11. What does the “wise neighbor woman” try to feed the old man?  Why?

 

 

12.  What did the cripples do with the old man’s wings?

 

 

13.  What did they do to the old man when they thought he might be dead?

 

 

14.  What are two superstitions that Father Gonzaga and the people test to see if the old man is an angel?

 

 

15.  What new carnival attraction came to town that took the attention away from the old man?

 

16.  What two reasons did people go to this new person?

 

 

17.  What are three miracles the old man performed incorrectly according the people of the town?

1.

2.

3.

 

18.  What did Pelayo and Elisenda do with their new money?

 

 

19.  What happened to the old man and the child at the same time?

 

 

20.  Why does Elisenda let out a sigh of relief “for herself and for him”?

 

When reading “A Very Old Man,” think about what Garcia Marquez is saying about how people would react to the second coming. Would people know that it happened, or would they pass it off as nothing? How do the people in the story react when the angel doesn’t behave the way they would think an angel would behave?

 

Imagery in “A Very Old Man with Enormous Wings”

Directions: quote passages from the story that demonstrates the type of imagery. Indicate whether this is a positive image or a negative image.

Then in your own words, and using complete sentences, discuss what effect this image has on the story. You should find five instances of imagery. You may use two for one type.

Four main effects imagery has on a story: (1) produces an appropriate mood for the events in the story; (2) produces an appropriate emotional response from the reader to the events in the story; (3) reveals the personality of the narrator or character in the story; (4) makes the theme or message in the work easier to understand.

 

Type Imagery(quote the descriptive language) Positive/Negative Effect of Imagery on Story
Visual/Sight  

 

 

 

   
Auditory/hear  

 

 

 

   
Tactile/touch  

 

 

 

   
Gustatory/taste  

 

 

 

   
Olfactory/smell  

 

 

 

   

 

Study Guide for Liam O’Flaherty’s “The Sniper” http://everything2.com/index.pl?node=The%20Sniper http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/events/northern_ireland/history/64206.stm

 

I. VOCABULARY: Be able to define the following words and understand them when they

appear in the story or class discussion.

 

ascetic________________________________________________________________________

 

beleaguered____________________________________________________________________

 

enveloped_____________________________________________________________________

 

fanatic________________________________________________________________________

 

lodge_________________________________________________________________________

 

spasmodically__________________________________________________________________

 

reel___________________________________________________________________________

 

ruse__________________________________________________________________________

 

remorse_______________________________________________________________________

 

II. LITERARY TERMS: Be able to define each term and apply each term to the story.

 

Point of View ________________________________________________________________________

 

First person____________________________________________________________________

 

Third person omniscient__________________________________________________________

 

Third person limited_____________________________________________________________

 

From what point of view is the story told?  Provide evidence._______________________

 

________________________________________________________________________

 

onomatopoeia________________________________________________________________________

example______________________________________________________________________

 

protagonist___________________________________________________________________________

 

Who is the protagonist?__________________________________________________________

 

antagonist___________________________________________________________________________

Who is the antagonist?___________________________________________________________

 

simile_______________________________________________________________________________

 

example_______________________________________________________________________

 

situational irony______________________________________________________________________

 

            setting______________________________________________________________________________

 

List all the information you can about the setting in the story_____________________________

 

______________________________________________________________________________

 

theme_______________________________________________________________________________

What is a theme of this story?______________________________________________________

 

III. QUESTIONS: Answer the following questions.  Be sure to use complete sentences.

 

1.  What time of day is the story set?

 

2.  What are the names of the two sides?

 

3.  What side is the protagonist on?

 

4.  Why hadn’t the sniper eaten since morning?

 

5.  What risk does the sniper decide to take?

 

6.  What pulls up in front of the building?

 

7.  What happens to the driver and the old woman?

 

8.  What happens to the sniper?

 

9.  Describe the sniper’s ruse to kill the other sniper.

 

10.  How does the sniper feel about war after he had killed the other sniper?

 

 

11.  What happened when the sniper threw the revolver down?

 

12.  Who was the dead sniper?

 

13.  How might the story be different if the story was told from third person omniscient?

 

 

Name_______________________

Study Guide for “The Open Window”

http://www.eastoftheweb.com/short-stories/UBooks/OpeWin.shtml

 

I. VOCABULARY: Be able to define the following words and understand them when they

appear in the story or class discussion.

 

romance highly imaginative fiction

 

 

bog___________________________________________________________________________

 

veracity_______________________________________________________________________

 

infirmity______________________________________________________________________

 

imminent______________________________________________________________________

 

rural__________________________________________________________________________

 

engulfed_______________________________________________________________________

 

II. LITERARY TERMS: Be able to define each term and apply each term to the story.

 

Point of View________________________________________________________________________

 

First person____________________________________________________________________

 

Third person omniscient__________________________________________________________

 

Third person limited_____________________________________________________________

 

pseudonym__________________________________________________________________________

 

protagonist___________________________________________________________________________

 

Who is the protagonist?__________________________________________________________

 

antagonist___________________________________________________________________________

Who is the antagonist?___________________________________________________________

 

flashback____________________________________________________________________________

 

What is learned in the flashback in this story?_________________________________________

 

mood_______________________________________________________________________________

 

 

 

III. QUESTIONS: Answer the following questions.  Be sure to use complete sentences.

 

1.  Who is the author?

 

2.  What is the author’s real name?

 

3.  How old is Vera?

 

4.  From what does Framton Nuttel suffer?

 

5.  What did Framton’s sister give him to take with him and why?

 

 

6.  What does Framton know of Vera’s aunt?

 

7.  What does Vera say happened three years ago?

 

 

8.  Besides the three men, who else went missing, according Vera?

 

9.  According to Vera, why is the window left open?

 

10.  Why does Framton run out of the house?

 

 

11.  What does a bicyclist have to do to avoid hitting Framton?

 

12.  What reason does Vera give for why Framton ran off?

 

13.  How might the story be different if Framton were the narrator?

 

 

IV. POINT OF VIEW

 

This story is told from the third person omniscient.  Below write quotes that support that this is third person omniscient.

 

Example:  “Privately he doubted more than ever whether these formal visits . . . would do much” (817).

 

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ACAG English

We are what we repeatedly do. Excellence, therefore, is not an act but a habit. Aristotle

L'enfant Térrible

We are what we repeatedly do. Excellence, therefore, is not an act but a habit. Aristotle

writeonteens

We are what we repeatedly do. Excellence, therefore, is not an act but a habit. Aristotle

Miss Snark's First Victim

We are what we repeatedly do. Excellence, therefore, is not an act but a habit. Aristotle

We are what we repeatedly do. Excellence, therefore, is not an act but a habit. Aristotle

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